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What is the difference between homology and analogy? Homology refers to similarity due to common ancestry, while analogy refers to similarity due ...

What is the difference between homology and analogy?

Homology refers to similarity due to common ancestry, while analogy refers to similarity due to convergent evolution.
Homologous structures have a common evolutionary origin, while analogous structures do not.
Homology is used to reconstruct evolutionary relationships, while analogy is not.
a) Homology and analogy are the same thing.
b) Homology refers to similarity due to convergent evolution, while analogy refers to similarity due to common ancestry.
c) Homology refers to similarity due to common ancestry, while analogy refers to similarity due to the environment.

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Rogeria Carolino


The correct option is:

c) Homology refers to similarity due to common ancestry, while analogy refers to similarity due to the environment.

Explanation:

  • Homology refers to similarity in structures or traits that are derived from a common ancestor. These similarities are due to shared ancestry and are used to reconstruct evolutionary relationships.
  • Analogy, on the other hand, refers to similarity in structures or traits that are not derived from a common ancestor but are instead due to similar environmental pressures leading to convergent evolution. Analogous structures may serve similar functions but have different evolutionary origins.

So, option (c) accurately describes the difference between homology and analogy.

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