The answer is b) He was captured and executed in Cusco.
Túpac Amaru II was captured and executed in Cusco on May 18, 1781. He was forced to witness the execution of his wife and sons before he was himself quartered and beheaded. His rebellion continued for at least another year under other rebel leaders, but it was eventually suppressed by the Spanish.
Option a) is incorrect because Túpac Amaru II was not victorious in the battle of Sangarará. The rebels were defeated in that battle, but they were able to regroup and continue their rebellion.
Option c) is incorrect because Túpac Amaru II never surrendered. He was captured by the Spanish after a long and bloody campaign.
Option d) is incorrect because Túpac Amaru II was not defeated in the battle of Checacupe. The rebels won that battle, but they were eventually defeated in the battle of Umachiri.
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